Did you know that a single brain-dead donor can help more than 20 people? Did you also know that Brazil needs 60,000 more donors to close the transplant line? See some curiosities on the subject.
Transplantation is the act of harvesting a living organ, limb, tissue or cells from a donor to a recipient for the purpose of restoring a lost function.
Organ donation is the removal of an organ from a very recently dead or living donor to a recipient.
The most commonly used organs and tissues for transplantation are: lungs, pancreas, kidneys, liver, intestines, stomach, bone marrow, bones, skin, heart and corneas.
If all your organs are donated, a single brain-dead donor can help 25 people.
The most common type of transplant is blood transfusion. Transfusion is when a recipient receives blood from a person of the same or compatible blood type as his own.
The organs most often donated by living donors are the bone marrow and the kidneys.
The liver is the only organ in the human body capable of recovering up to 75% of its tissues. That is why liver transplantation is so common among the living (or, to put it correctly, “intervening”). Doctors can remove part of a person’s liver for donation so that it will regenerate.
How many organs would we need to end the transplant line in Brazil? Write it down: 63,000. The sad side of this story is that the country can only capture just over 1,000 organs a year (not to mention the cornea, which is actually a tissue).
People with kidney problems who need a transplant are those who find the longest line. There are more than 31 thousand Brazilians waiting for a kidney. Second are those who need corneas. The queue has about 24,000 people. The third largest row is the liver, with six thousand. One note: the data is from 2003.
If the kidney line is longer, people wait longer, right? Wrong. The wait is longer for those who need a liver. While renal patients wait for 2 to 3 years, livers have to wait 3 years. The data are from 2003.
Waiting lists meet two criteria: chronological order and transplant urgency. In some cases, such as the liver, it is due to the severity of the disease. Patients under 18 also have priority.
The world’s first heart transplant was performed in December 1967 in Cape Town by South African physician Christian Barnard. The first of Brazil occurred just six months later, in May 1968 by surgeon Euryclides de Jesus Zerbini.
The time taken for the brain, lung and pancreas to be removed from a brain-dead person and implanted in another live can never exceed four hours.
Some organs resist longer outside the body, such as the liver, which can resist for up to 24 hours.
If the family wants to donate the organ of a recently deceased (ie brain-dead) relative who is in a position to be a donor, please tell your doctor, hospital or the nearest transplant center. The costs are nonexistent.
Did you know that there is research that aims to make possible the organ donation of animals to humans? It has even been created a line of pigs that could donate heart and liver to humans.
Research done in the United States and elsewhere wants to make it possible, in the not too distant future, to donate whole limbs such as arms and legs.
Some researchers believe that it is possible to cure AIDS through stem cell transplantation. They at least already have reason to believe that possibility. This is the case of a patient named Timothy Ray Brown, who was cured of AIDS after undergoing a stem cell transplant.
Did you know that in China, death row inmates are required to donate their organs?