When you read or hear stories of someone who has a heart attack, what do you think?
Do you feel for the victim? Do you learn from that? Or do you care less? And you think it could not happen to you?
If this is your answer, then consider heart attack patients once, although in the same way as well.
Everyone is at risk of experiencing cardiovascular disease and heart disease.
Cardiovascular diseases is the common name that refers to several conditions that involve the heart and blood channel.
Any medical condition that causes the heart or blood channel to not work well is called cardiovascular disease.
Coronary heart disease occurs when the channel that provides blood to the heart and brain (the artery) drowns or damages.
If the blood channel drowns, the blood circulation to the heart and brain is reduced or stopped completely.
High blood cholesterol is one of the main risk factors for heart disease. The first thing we can do is treat and prevent high cholesterol by eating a diet low in saturated fat and cholesterol and high in fiber, maintaining a healthy weight and exercising regularly. Consulting doctors about your cholesterol levels is very important, so if your cholesterol level is high, your doctor may prescribe the best medication to reduce it.
To maintain a normal blood pressure, it is important to perform lifestyle actions, such as a healthy diet, regular physical activity, quitting smoking and a healthy weight. Diabetes can cause heart disease, so it is very important to prevent and control it. It can happen through weight loss and regular physical activities.
Quitting smoking is a great help to prevent heart disease. Cigarettes can increase the risk of high blood pressure, heart attacks and strokes. Never smoking is one of the best things a person can do to reduce their risk. Moderation in alcohol consumption can help decrease the risk of high blood pressure. Maintaining a healthy weight is very important, it can be evaluated using weight and height, this is what we call “body mass index” (BMI). BMI generally indicates the amount of fat in our body. An adult with a BMI of 30 or more is considered obese. Between 25 and 29.5 it is called overweight. And the normal weight will be 18 to 24.9. A proper diet and regular activity can help maintain a healthy weight.
Here is the summary of the things we can do to prevent heart disease:
- Do not smoke
- This is the number one way to prevent heart disease. This means that you should quit smoking as soon as possible if you already smoke, and if you live with a smoker, you must put limits on the smoker so he has to smoke outside; It is crucial that you do not inhale secondhand smoke. If you have not started smoking, make sure you never start this habit.
- Get Moving
- It is better if you can do the 30 minutes a day of moderately vigorous exercise recommended by the government, but even a daily walk can help prevent heart disease. Find a form of exercise that you enjoy enough to want to do it regularly and follow it. If you have never been active in the past, ask a friend or family member to introduce you to the different types of exercise.
- Eat healthy food
- Be sure to follow a heart prevention diet, even if you don’t have any symptoms of heart disease. The key is to prevent the disease before it starts. This can be achieved by eating a diet high in fiber and low in fat, rich in fruits, vegetables, legumes and whole grains. Meats should be lean and fats should be limited to heart-healthy fats such as olive oil. Sugars and processed foods should be limited; and fresh and whole fruits and vegetables should constitute a large part of your daily meals.
- Control your weight
- It is not enough to eat many healthy foods if you are still overweight. Obesity is a predictor of heart disease, so be sure to limit your calories to stay within a healthy body mass index (BMI).
- Consult your doctor
- Your annual physical exam is more valuable than you think; It allows a doctor to observe the signs of heart disease in your case. Be sure to mention any potential signs of heart disease to your doctor, and be sure not to skip appointments.
Learning to prevent heart disease is very important to avoid possible complications that could occur if prevention are not performed. It is better to make an early prevention instead of developing more serious compilations.